STUDY AUTHORS: Stephen R. Braund & Associates

The role of subsistence in local communities, information about current and historical subsistence harvests and use areas, traditional knowledge about changes in subsistence resources, and local concerns related to subsistence are presented based on household harvest surveys conducted by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game, and subsistence mapping and traditional knowledge interviews conducted by Pebble Project researchers with active and/or knowledgeable harvesters.


  • In the 12 communities nearest the Pebble project, more than 55 percent of people interviewed had grown up in their community. Another 29 percent had lived in their community for more than 20 years.
  • More than 17,000 subsistence use areas and traplines were identified in the Pebble subsistence and traditional knowledge studies.