Research for the Pebble Project Environmental Baseline Document (EBD), which represents one of the most comprehensive environmental study programs ever conducted for a natural resource project in Alaska, was undertaken by more than 40 widely recognized and respected independent companies and research firms.

  • 100+ scientific experts
    • Engineering groups, laboratories, technicians and support services
  • Selected for specific areas of expertise and Alaskan experience

The EBD was written and certified by third-party study authors associated with the main categories of environmental research, with the exception of the introductory chapter, which was written by The Pebble Partnership.  

Contractor EBD Emphasis Sample Clients

Alaska Biological Research, Inc. (ABR) Habitat mapping and wildlife studies, including baseline inventories of terrestrial mammals, raptors, waterbirds, shorebirds, landbirds, woodfrogs, marine birds and marine mammals in the Bristol Bay and Cook Inlet study areas; Snow studies. National Park Service; US Fish & Wildlife Service; US Bureau of Land Management; US Geological Survey; Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement (BOEMRE)/Minerals Management Service; Alaska National Guard; Cold Region research & Engineering Laboratory; National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration; National Science Foundation; National Renewable Energy Laboratory; Sandia National Labs; US Air Force; US Army; US Army Corps of Engineers; US Coast Guard; US dept. of Justice; US Forest Service; US Geological Survey; US National Biological Service; US Navy; Alaska Clean Seas; The Nature Conservancy; Bering Sea Fisherman’s Assoc.; Arctic Research Consortium of the US, Inc.; BP Exploration; ConocoPhillips Alaska, Inc.; Gamesa Energy; Iberdrola Renewables, Inc.
APC Services, LLC Hydrology and surface water quality Space and Missile Defense Command (subcontract); Full Metal Minerals; Sivuniq, Inc.; First Student; Alaska Peninsula Corporation
HDR Alaska, Inc. Surface Hydrology, Surface Water Quality, Fisheries, Wetlands and Vegetation, Macroinvertebrates, Land Use, Power, Recreation, Transportation.
Knight Piesold Ltd. Geology & Mineralization, Physiography & Soils, Geotechnical & Seismic, Surface Water Hydrology Anglo America; Coeur; Rio Tinto; Barrick; Teck BHP Billiton; Kinross; Fairbanks Gold; BC Hydro; BC Ministry of Transportation
McDowell Group, Inc. Socioeconomics AK Dept. of Public Safety; University of Alaska; Alaska Dept. of Health & Social Services; AK Dept. of Commerce, Community & Economic Development; AK Dept. of Transportation and Public Facilitation; AK Dept. of Environmental Conservation; AK Dept. of Administration; AK Dept. of Fish & Game; AK Dept. of Education and Early Development; AK Seafood Marketing Institute; AK State Legislature; Minerals Management Service; National Marine Fisheries Service; US Forest Service; National Park Service; Municipality of Anchorage; The Nature Conservancy; Alaska Oil & Gas Association; The CIRI Foundation; Anchorage Economic Development Council; The Aleut Foundation; Central Council Tlingit Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska
Michael Minor & Associates, Inc. Noise and Vibration Sound Transit, Seattle; Washington State Dept. of Transportation; Bend Municipal Airport, Bend, Oregon; Oregon DOT
Pentec Environmental / Hart Crowser, Inc. Marine water quality, oceanography, and chemistry; Marine benthos; Nearshore and demersal fish and invertebrates Environmental Protection Agency; US Coast Guard; US Army Corps of Engineers; National Park Service; NOAA; USFWS; Cook Inlet Regional Citizens Advisory Council; Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustees Council; Federal Aviation Administration; AK Dept. of Environmental Conservation; AK Dept. of Transportation; Washington Dept. of Natural Resources; Washington Dept. of Ecology; Washington Dept. of Transportation; Oregon Dept. of Environmental Quality; Oregon Dept. of Transportation ; Trust for Public Lands; The Nature Conservancy; Cominco(Canada); Dragados; Lodha Corp (India); KPFF(Saudi Arabia) Callison (Saudi Arabia); MKA (Abu Dhabi) Costco(Taiwan)
R2 Resource Consultants, Inc. Fish Resources US Army Corps of Engineers; USDA Forest Service; Bureau of Indian Affairs; National Marine Fisheries Service; Bonneville Power Administration; US Fish & Wildlife Service; Lower Columbia Fish Recovery Board; Cascade Land Conservancy; Columbia River Estuary Study Task Force; Skagit River System Cooperative; Wild Fish Conservancy; the Nature Conservancy
SLR International Corp Trace elements, Air Quality, Meteorology, Groundwater and Hydrology Studies U.S. Air Force, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Air National Guard, Municipality of Anchorage, Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation, Alaska Department of Natural Resources, Alaska Department of Transportation, Kenai Peninsula Borough, City of Ketchikan; Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, American Land Conservancy, Kachemak Heritage Land Trust, The Conservation Fund, The Nature Conservancy, The Trust for Public Land; BP, Pebble Limited Partnership, Royal Dutch Shell, Exxon Mobil Corporation, Teck Resources, ConocoPhillips, Husky Energy
Stephen R Braund and Associates (SRB&A) Subsistence uses and Traditional Knowledge Studies, Cultural Resources US Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; US Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs; US Dept. of Health & Human Services; North Slope Borough; AK Dept. of Transportation; AK Dept. of Fish & Game; AK Dept. of Environmental Conservation; Cook Inlet Housing Authority; Environmental Protection Agency; US Army Corps of Engineers; AK Dept. of Natural Resources; Tech Alaska Inc.; PacRim Coal; Alaska Eskimo Whaling Commission; Ocean Renewable Power company; NANA Regional Corporation
SRK Consulting Mine waste geochemical characterization Province of British Columbia Ministry of Energy and Mines; Alaska DNR and DEC; Indian and Northern Affairs Canada; Yukon Govt. ; Province of British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Highways; Teck Resources; BHPBilliton; Kinross Gold; Barrick Gold; Newmont; DeBeers
Schlumberger Water Services (Canada) Ltd. Groundwater analysis and characterization USEPA; World Bank Group; Nevada DCNR, Division of Water Planning; World Bank Fott and Mouth Disease, Emergency Recovery Project; The Environment Agency, UK; Queensland Govt, Australia; International Finance Corporation; Fundacion Sartawi, Bolivia; Anglo American; Barrick Gold Corporation; BHP Billiton LImited; Freeport McMoRan; Goldcorp, Inc.; Rio Tinto; Vale, SA
Three Parameters Plus, Inc. (3PPI) Wetlands & Vegetation US Fish & Wildlife Services; National Wetland Inventory Program; Alaska Dept. of Transportation, Northern Region; Utah Dept. of Natural Resources; Bureau of Land Management (Utah); Barrick Gold Corp/ Donlin Gold Project; International Tower Hill/Talon Gold Alaska Livengood Project; Kinross/Fort Knox Mining company; Kennecott Mining/Greens Creek Mining Company; Teck Resources-Sumitomo Metal Mining/Pogo Project
Land Design North Visual Resources
Kevin Waring Associates Recreation; land & water use; transportation; power; socioeconomics
Bristol Environmental Remediation Services, LLC (Bristol) Surface water, sediment, ground water, soil sampling along the proposed transportation corridor US Environmental Protection Agency; USACE, Los Angeles; USACE, Alaska; USACE, Albuquerque; USACE, Omaha; Choggiung Native Village Corporation; Iliamna Natives Limited; Iliamna Development; Tetlin Village Corp; Sundance Consulting, Idaho.